All products were chosen independently by our editorial team. This review contains affiliate links and we may receive a commission for purchases made. Please read our affiliates FAQ page to find out more.

Campanula, commonly known as bellflower, is a charming and versatile genus of flowering plants that can add a touch of elegance to any garden. With their bell-shaped blooms and range of colors, these perennials are a favorite among gardeners. This guide will walk you through the essentials of growing and caring for campanula, ensuring that even beginners can enjoy the beauty of these flowers.

Introduction to Campanula Plants

Campanula, with its enchanting bell-shaped flowers, is a genus that encompasses a wide variety of species, each with its unique charm. These plants are known for their vibrant colors, ranging from deep purples and blues to soft pinks and whites. The foliage of campanula plants is equally attractive, often featuring lush, green leaves that create a perfect backdrop for the colorful blooms.

Introduction to Campanula Plants

The Beauty and Versatility of Campanula

Campanula plants are not only beautiful but also incredibly versatile. They can be used in various garden settings, including rock gardens, borders, and as ground covers. Their ability to adapt to different environments makes them a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a splash of color to their outdoor spaces.

Understanding the Basics of Campanula Care

Before diving into the specifics of growing campanula, it’s essential to understand some basic care requirements. These plants thrive in well-drained soil and prefer a location that receives partial to full sunlight. While they are relatively low-maintenance, paying attention to their basic needs will ensure a healthy and vibrant display of flowers.

Choosing the Right Campanula Variety

Choosing the Right Campanula Variety
There are over 300 species of campanula, each with its unique characteristics. Some popular varieties include:

  • Campanula persicifolia (Peach-leaved bellflower): Known for its tall, slender stems and bell-shaped flowers.
  • Campanula portenschlagiana (Dalmatian bellflower): A low-growing variety that forms a mat of small, purple flowers.
  • Campanula glomerata (Clustered bellflower): Features dense clusters of purple or blue flowers at the top of each stem.
Variety Flower Color Height Bloom Time
C. persicifolia White to blue 2-4 ft Early summer
C. portenschlagiana Violet-blue 6-12 in Summer
C. glomerata Purple/Blue 1-2 ft Early to mid-summer

Ideal Growing Conditions for Campanula

To ensure your campanula plants thrive, it’s crucial to provide them with the right growing conditions.

Ideal Growing Conditions for Campanula

Soil and Light Requirements

Campanula prefers well-drained soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH. They perform best in areas that receive full to partial sunlight, although some varieties can tolerate more shade.

Climate Preferences

These plants are hardy in USDA zones 3 to 9, making them suitable for a wide range of climates. They can withstand cold winters but require protection from extreme heat and drought.

Planting Campanula: Step-by-Step Guide

Planting campanula is a straightforward process that can be done in either spring or fall.

  • Choose a Suitable Location: Select a spot that receives adequate sunlight and has well-drained soil.
  • Prepare the Soil: Loosen the soil and mix in compost to improve drainage and fertility.
  • Planting: Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball. Place the plant in the hole and fill it with soil. Water thoroughly.
  • Spacing: Ensure adequate space between plants to allow for growth and air circulation.

Watering and Feeding Your Campanula

Proper watering and feeding are crucial for the health of your campanula plants.

Watering and Feeding Your Campanula

Watering Schedule

Water campanula plants deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s essential to ensure good drainage.


Feed your campanula plants with a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer in the spring. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowers.

Register for our latest in-depth reviews and product round-ups from the experts.

Enter your email address below to receive our monthly review emails.

By entering your details, you are agreeing to our terms and conditions and privacy policy. You can unsubscribe at any time.

Pruning and Maintenance of Campanula

Regular pruning and maintenance are key to keeping your campanula plants healthy and blooming.

Pruning and Maintenance of Campanula

Pruning Techniques

Deadhead spent flowers to encourage more blooms. Cut back the foliage in late fall or early spring to promote new growth.

Mulching and Weeding

Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plants to retain moisture and suppress weeds. Regularly remove any weeds that appear.

Pest and Disease Management in Campanula

While campanula is relatively disease-resistant, it can be susceptible to certain pests and diseases.

Common Pests

Watch out for slugs and snails, especially in damp conditions. Use organic methods or environmentally friendly slug pellets to control these pests.

Disease Prevention

Ensure good air circulation around the plants to prevent fungal diseases. Avoid overhead watering to keep the foliage dry.

In conclusion, growing campanula is a rewarding experience for any gardener. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy the beauty of these bell-shaped flowers in your garden. Stay tuned for Part 2 of this guide, where we will delve into propagating campanula and address frequently asked questions about their care.

Propagating and Mastering Campanula Care: Your Complete Guide

Propagating and Mastering Campanula Care: Your Complete Guide
Continuing from our comprehensive guide on growing Campanula, this second part focuses on propagation techniques, answers to frequently asked questions, and additional tips to ensure your bellflowers thrive.

Propagating Campanula Effectively

Propagating Campanula can be a rewarding experience, allowing you to expand your garden with these beautiful plants. There are two main methods: seed propagation and division.

Propagation by Seeds

  • Sowing: Sow Campanula seeds indoors in late winter. Use a seed-starting mix and lightly cover the seeds.
  • Germination: Place the seed tray in a warm, bright spot. Germination typically occurs within 2-3 weeks.
  • Transplanting: Once seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots.

Propagation by Division

  • Timing: Divide Campanula plants in spring or early fall.
  • Method: Carefully lift the plant and divide it into smaller sections, ensuring each has roots and shoots.
  • Replanting: Replant the divisions at the same depth they were growing and water well.
Method Timing Difficulty Success Rate
Seeds Late winter Moderate High
Division Spring/Fall Easy Very High

FAQs: Expert Answers to Common Questions

Water them regularly, especially during dry spells. Overwatering can be harmful, so ensure good drainage.

Yes, certain varieties like Mondo Grass thrive in shaded conditions.

Early spring, before new growth starts, is ideal for pruning.